Morse Code: Morse version 4.0x
These Notes apply specifically to version 4.0x (Custom versions 3.0x - see specific documentation only)
IMPORTANT: This is a DOS utility. It will run correctly under Windows 3.x and in Windows 95 (reg. TM Microsoft)
RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION: Unzip MORSE40x.ZIP to an empty directory/folder and run MORSE.BAT not the .exe. Please do not edit any files, they are verified during runtime and the program will stop functioning or become inaccurate and unreliable.For Windows 95 only (TECH NOTE M11-97):
1 - Make a shortcut to MORSE.BAT 2 - Open the Properties to the shortcut, and use "Apply"/"OK" for the following: a) Program: Run Maximized Check Close on Exit In Advanced: Prevent MSDos detecting Windows Suggest MSDos mode as necessary b) Memory: Set all boxes to Auto Check HMA c) Screen: Set to "Full Screen" and Initial Size to "25 lines" All else unchecked d) Misc.: All unchecked/Off except "Warn if still active" The above has been tested successfully under Win95/Microsoft Client LAN conditions. We have not tested on other 32 bit platforms, but have not been advised of any difficulties.
GENERAL: Most instructions are self explanatory. All the Morse files (EXE, DTA, TXT) must be present. ".MOR" files contain QSO's etc. The Video representation of the code has been included for people who have initial trouble hearing the sound patterns. For best learning results, use Video the least possible. The 'Insert Space' facility should be used by beginners. Choose a speed of say 12 W.P.M. so that the individual letters sound correct, and 'Insert Space' will extend the silence between letters. During individual character keyboard entries, the message 'BLANK' will appear and a distinct sound will be heard for spaces between groups or words; this should prevent you from waiting interminably for the next letter . . .
HELP: Is available when the program is running. Use 'Setup and Help' in the Main Menu, then press <H> and you will be given the Help Subject Menu.
TYPING: Is not case sensitive. When writing a new File, if you do not have to <ENTER> before the end of a line: the line will 'wrap around' and the finished text will not look so pretty, but the Code sent will be exactly the same. The Autocorrect option needs careful typing, but after one or two tries you will appreciate its usefulness. (Custom only versions 3.0x: ALL typing is CASE SENSITIVE throughout the program. Use LOWER case except for Bar Characters. Do NOT use <CAPS LOCK>.)SETUP:
DEFINITIONS: (Taken from I.T.U. Regulations and used in Stormy Weather SoftWare's Morse Code Training Program)
"THE INTERNATIONAL MORSE CODE IS TO BE USED FOR ALL GENERAL PUBLIC SERVICE RADIO COMMUNICATION.
For the purposes of determining the speed of transmission (words per minute), the program uses as default:
A WORD IS EQUAL TO FIVE LETTERS AND ONE SPACE taken at random from the 26 letters, 10 numerics and 9 pro-signs. The program includes a facility for modifying the speed of transmission (in "SETUP and HELP") based on a test file CODEZ.MOR.
The user may modify the "speed" by using a "three minute" file other than the above for calibration of the default 180 seconds in "Setup." Such changes will be re-used by the program during subsequent sessions.
TESTS AND EXAMINATIONS: "Random" tests will give you thirty-six groups of five characters each composed at random from the twenty-six letters of the alphabet, the ten numerals and . , ? - / [AR] [AS] [BT] [ERR] [SK]. At 12 W.P.M. the test will last three minutes. Very few people can use the keyboard fast enough to listen and type at the same time so transcribe to paper and at the end of the test either type your answer in for an automatic score or display the text and score your answer manually.
All tests are timed and the Total Elapsed time of the test will appear on the screen, and on the Printout, if used, at the end of the test.
Plain language tests are available; see the 'Files' option in the Main Menu.
QUICK KEYS: To save on typing time, 'QuickKeys' are available: e.g. you can type + instead of [AR]. The program recognizes which system is used. Where possible QuickKeys are in accordance with International Morse Code. All combination symbols (pro signs) may be enclosed in square brackets - [SOS], [Err] - but single key entries (QuickKeys) that correspond to each one are available. Those that are genuine Morse symbols are obvious - [BT], or double break is the = (equal sign), [KN], or go ahead specific station, is ( or left bracket.
You can use them all the time, part of the time or not at all; the program will accept either long form or QuickKeys indifferently. Each time you might need them, a list will appear at the bottom of the screen. All output will be in long form.
INSERTING SPACES: You can slow a test down by inserting a space between each character. This will retain the proper sound of the symbol at the chosen W.P.M., but give you more time to write it down. Example 'NEW TEXT' becomes 'N E W T E X T', and if you have selected 12 w.p.m. (a good speed to practice listening to the sound), then the actual transmission will be at approximately 7 1/2 w.p.m. This facility is available for Text and Random Group Exams, and for Continuous Groups in 'Type and Listen.'
AUTOMATIC SCORING: is available. If you have used 'Inserted Spaces' do not retype the extra spaces. It is easier to use the QuickKeys to enter your answer, for example ! = _ ( + are easier to type than [Err] [BT] [SK] [KN] [AR] and all the 5 symbol groups will be neatly lined up. A printout of the Test is also available.
BLANK SPACES: Where required, a 'Blank Space' message will appear with a whistling audio tone; this is to remind you to press the Space Bar, otherwise you might think the program had stopped. This applies to Practice sessions only, not examinations.
KEYBOARD INPUT: In most cases where only a single character is required (like answering <Y>es to a question, or random character practice) you will not have to <ENTER> your choice. Longer replies will require 'entering' but detailed instructions are given at each point in the program. All Menus will scroll up and down, or you type the first letter of a Menu line to make your choice.
Frequently, when you are asked if you want to modify input or output (w.p.m. Tone, etc.) one specific key is required to make changes (a Y for <Y>es, I for <I>nsert Spaces), any other key, including <ENTER>, being used for continuing without changes. When you get used to the options you will be able to get to your choice very quickly indeed.
More often than not, a series of two or three <ENTER>s will give you your choice of default values.
INSTRUCTIONS: A highlighted instruction box for the next step will always appear at the bottom of the screen.
QUITTING: <ESC> is normally used to get back to the Menus. The Main Menu has a 'Quit' to exit the program. Most parts of the program allow you to keep repeating the same exercise. Pressing <CTRL> and <C> simultaneously will always terminate the program, but will not necessarily save any work in progress.FILES:
IMPORTANT: It should be noted that the CODEZ.MOR file included and used for a calibration of 180 seconds in the "Setup" program gives results confirmed by several expert telegraphists as to speed, and that are verifiable when compared to the transmissions of W1AW (American Radio Relay League). However, the random choice of 5 symbol words in "Exams" gives rise to elapsed Test Times averaging 203 seconds due to the higher incidence of numerals and prosigns.
This can be corrected by defaulting to approx. 203 seconds in "Setup", but Examination Organizers should be aware that it is our opinion that such a default certainly errs on the side of "too fast". If students practice with 203 seconds default, they will never have problems later!
Examinations: The following notes and messages apply:
"NOTICE TO CANDIDATES." During or after this test, you may type in your answers for automatic scoring, otherwise you will have to correct manually. At the end of the test, a red on white notice allows you to catch up the last few letters if needed. You will then be able to edit, or type in your complete answer. As you type, your answer will appear on the screen: your typing will AUTOMATICALLY scroll and wrap at the end of lines. The following will be automatically corrected before your editing at the end of the test: Carriage return (Red ¶) or a space are equivalent Backspace (<- ) deletes previous character.Note that End of File (Red ») cannot be removed, it is there for your convenience only.
VERY IMPORTANT - PLEASE READ CAREFULLY.
This software uses the following keyboard characters:
If UNRECOGNIZED characters are entered they will be treated as ERRORS unless retyped.
KNOWN LIMITATIONS: Depending on the quality of the User's hardware (internal speaker and driver), audio quality will deteriorate above a certain speed (in the WORST known case, approx. 35 w.p.m.). This is NOT a software limit and can be attenuated if not completely corrected by the use of high quality headphones.
Additionally, many Sound Cards (for example, Sound Blaster by Creative Labs) are equipped with a two pin plug normally marked "PC Speaker" which allows signals to the internal speaker to be input to the sound card which will in most cases improve the quality of the Morse Code